FROM MAJOR CITIES
TIME TO VISIT:
from Jaipur and 170-km from Delhi, Alwar is nestled
between a cluster of small hills of the Aravalli range.
Perched on the most prominent of these hills is a massive
ancient fort that whispers tales of the rich history
of the city.
an ancient Rajput state, formerly known as Mewat, Alwar
was nearest to the imperial Delhi. The people of the
state did not accept any external interferences and
daringly resisted all foreign invasions. In the 12th
and 13th centuries, they formed a group and raided Delhi.
But finally, Sultan Balban (1267 AD - 1287 AD) suppressed
them, bringing the area under the Muslim rule.
In 1771 AD, Maharaja Pratap Singh, a Kuchhwaha Rajput
belonging to the clan of Jaipur’s rulers, won back Alwar
and founded a principality of his own.
Apart from its long history, the city has a rich natural
heritage with some beautiful lakes and picturesque valleys
thickly wooded in parts.
Some of the finest varieties of birds and animals are
Alwar has one of the finest wildlife sanctuaries in
Rajasthan - Sariska, which is an excellent tiger country.
Fort: This huge fort with its ramparts stretching
5-km from north to south and 1.6 kms from east to west,
stands 304m above the city and 595m above the sea level,
constructed before the rise of the Mughal Empire. Babar
had spent a night at this fort and took away the hidden
treasures to gift to his son, Humayun. Akbar’s son,
Jehangir had also stayed here for some time during his
exile. The place where he stayed is called Salim Mahal.
The fort was finally annexed by Maharana Pratap Singh
in 1775 AD
It is a forbidding structure with 156 large and 51 small
towers and 446 openings for musketry, along with 8 huge
towers encompassing it.
The fort has several gates: Jai Pol, Suraj Pol,
Laxman Pol, Chand Pol, Kishan Pol of Jal Mahal, Nikumbh
Mahal, Salim Sagar, Suraj Kund and many temples.
City Palace or Vinay Vilas Mahal: An 18th century
palace, harmoniously blending the Rajput and Mughal
styles of architecture. While the ground floors have
been converted into government offices and district
courts, the upper apartment is presently a museum.
Government Museum:The museum has the finest collection
of Mughal and Rajput paintings dating back to the 18th
and 19th centuries and some rare ancient manuscripts
in Persian, Arabic, Urdu and Sanskrit. ‘Gulistan’ (The
garden of roses), ‘ Waqiat-I-Babri’ (autobiography of
the Mughal Emperor Babar) and ‘Bostan’ (the garden of
spring) are some of the notable ones amongst the collection.
It also has copy of the great epic ‘ Mahabharata’ painted
by the artists of the Alwar school.
A rich collection of the Indian armoury are among other
exhibits of the museum.
Timings 10:00 am. to 5.00 pm. (Closed on Friday and
gazetted holidays. Free entry on Monday).
Behind the City Palace is an artificial lake built in
1815 AD by Maharaja Vinay Singh with few temples along
A marvellous 'chhatri' with unusual Bengali roof and
arches, also known as the 'Moosi Maharani's Chhatri',
is situated in this area.
Purjan Vihar (Company Garden) : A picturesque
garden, laid out during the reign of Maharaja Shiv Dan
Singh in 1868 AD. The garden has an enchanting setting
called ‘Shimla’ which was built by Maharaja Mangal Singh
in 1885 AD. The lush surroundings and the cool shades
make it the idyllic visiting spot during summers.
AROUND THE CITY
Situated 10-km away from the city this palace is a splendid
palace, built by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1918 AD. A picturesque
lake overlooking the palace makes it a fascinating sight.
A fabulous Sita Ram Temple in the palace attracts number
of devotees, especially during Ramnavami. One needs
prior permission form the Secretary to visit the palace.
Siliserh Lake & Palace Hotel: 13-km away
from Alwar, this place is an idyllic picnic spot with
enchanting landscape of wooded hills and beautiful 'chhatris'
on the embankment of the 10.5-sq-kms placid lake. A
magnificent royal palace and the hunting lodge, built
by Maharaja Vinay Singh in 1845 AD for his queen Sheela
stands overlooking the lake. Now converted as a hotel
with lake facilities, it is a delight for the trigger
happy photographers and film makers.
Sariska Palace: A marvellous palace was built
here by Maharaja Jai Singh in the honour of the Duke
of Edinburgh during his visit to the sanctuary. Presently,
it has been converted into a heritage hotel called as
Sariska Palace. RTDC Hotel Tiger Den also offers excellent
accommodation at Sariska. The best time to drive in
the sanctuary is from sunrise till sunset.
Jaisamand Lake: 6-km from the city, Jaisamand
Lake makes a beautiful artificial lake constructed by
Maharaja Jai Singh in 1910 AD; a popular spot for outings
and picnics. During monsoons, sprawling greenery all
around makes it a visual treat. This place is easily
accessible by road from Alwar.
Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary: The 765.80-sq-kms
thickly wooded reserve cradled in the picturesque valley
of the Aravallis. Established in 1955, it is an excellent
tiger sanctuary under the Project Tiger. The dry deciduous
forests of the Reserve are noted for their population
of Tiger, Nilgai, Sambhar, Cheetal, Four-horned Antelope
and Wild Boar.
Delhi at a distance of 163-km and Jaipur 150-km are
the two nearest airports from Alwar.
Rail: Alwars has got good rail connections from
prominent locations in and around the state. Some important
train connections are: Shatabdi Express(New Delhi-Alwar_Ajmer);
Superfast Express (New Delhi-Alwar-Ajmer); Intercity
Express (Delhi Sarai Rohilla-Alwar-Jaipur); Marudhar
Express (Varanasi-Alwar-Jodhpur); Mandore Express (Delhi
Road: Regular services link Alwar with key destinations
in and not far off Rajasthan and Delhi.
Local Transport: Auto-rickshaws, cycle-rickshaws and
tongas are the best way to commute within the city.