is a haven for a wide spectrum of wildlife. The
topography of Rajasthan ranges from the barren
desert, scrub-thorn arid forests,rocks and ravines
to wetlands and lush, green forests. And each
of these areas houses a large variety of animal
and bird life. Some of them rare while some endangered.
to tigers, black bucks,chinkara, the rare desert
fox,the endangered caracal, the great Indian bustard,
gavial, monitor lizard, wild boars, porcupine.
Migratory birds like the common crane, ducks,coots,
pelicans and the rare Siberian cranes,imperial
sandgrouse, falcons, buzzards flocks to this state
during the winter months. Typical areas representing
each of the ecosystems have been earmarked as
special areas wildlife. Rajasthan boasts of two
National Parks, over a dozen Sanctuaries and two
Closed Areas. Most of these areas are open to
visitors round the year but are closed briefly
during the monsoon.
BIRD SANCTUARY(Keoladeo Ghana National Park )
a National Park in 1983,this 29 sq km park is
one of the world’s greatest heronries. Its shallow,fresh
waer marsh attracts thousands of migratory birds.
Over 10,000 nests of egrets,darters,cormorants,grey
herons and storks hatch nearly 20,000 to 30,000
chicks every year. There is an infinite variety
of migratory birds. Mammals like the sambhar,blackbuck,chital,nilgai,fishing
cat,otter and mongoose also roam freely here.
Best time to visit is August to February.
is the state’s most well-known tiger reserve under
Project Tiger.Home of an ecpansive variety of
other animals in is 392 sq km area, one can spot
sambhar,cheetal,wild boar,leopard,sloth bear,jackal,hyena
among others. Artificial lakes,dense forests and
the shield of the Aravallis have helped to make
this park very impressive and interesting. Best
time to visit is Ocotber to April.
there : By air: Jaipur (165
km) is the nearest airport. By rail :
The Park is around 12 km away from
Sawai Madhopur railway station, that lies on the
Delhi to Bombay trunk route. By road :
A good network of buses connect Sawai Madhopur
with quite a few areas around. Where
to stay : RTDC Hotel Jhoomar Baari, RTDC
Hotel Kamdhenu, Sawai Madhopur Lodge, PWD Rest
House, and Jogi Mahal which lies within the park
premises, are some of the available means of accomodation.
DESERT NATIONAL PARK
Desert National Park is an excellent example of
the ecosystem of the Thar desert and its diverse
fauna. Sand dunes form around 20% of the Park.
The major landform consists of craggy rocks and
compact salt lake bottoms, intermedial areas and
fixed dunes which are quite suitable for the chinkara
to move at high speed. The blackbuck is another
common antelope of this region. Its other notable
inhabitants are the desert fox, Bengal fox, wolf
and desert cat.Sudashri forest post is the ideal
place for observing the wildlife of Desert National
Park and is the most suitable in the entire 3162
sq. kms. of this park for watching and photographing
the activities of the animals from behind cover.
Birdlife in this sandy habitat is vivid and spectacular.
Birds such as the sandgrouse, partridges, bee-eaters,
larks and shrikes are commonly seen. Demoiselle
crane and houbara arrive in the winter.
The birds of prey seen here are tawny and steppe
eagles, long legged and honey buzzards, falcons
and kestrels. But the most outstanding of the
avifauna is the great Indian bustard. This tall,
heavy bird is an epitome of confidence and grace.
It is good to see five or six bustards near Sudashri
This park is also very rich in reptiles. Spiny
tail lizard, monitor lizard, saw sealed viper,
Russel's viper, Sind krait, toad agama and sandfish
are found in large numbers.18 kms. from Jaisalmer
is the Akal Wood Fossils Park which is about 180
million years of age. Sea shells and massive fossilised
tree trunks in this park record the geological
history of the desert. .
Sariska became a sanctuary in the year 1958. The
sanctuary came under the project Tiger in 1979
and became a national park in 1982. It is located
at Kankwari fort, near Alwar, on the Delhi Jaipur
Highway. The terrain is predominantly hilly, as
it lies in the Aravalli range. It has total area
of 788 sq. kilometres, with a core area of approx.
47sq. kilometres. At last count in 1985, there
35 tigers were reported. Other carnivores of the
area are the panthe, jungle cat, jackal and hyena.
Three caracals were also reported during the last
census in 1985. Other animals include the sambhar,
chital, wild boar, hare, nilgai and umpteen porcupines.
The birdlife comprises of the pea fowl, gray partridge,
quail, sandgrouse, tree pie, white breasted kingfisher,
golden woodpecker and great Indian horned owl.
TO MARCH IS THE BEST PERIOD TO VISIT
WILDLIFE PARKS AND SANCTURIES IN RAJASTHAN